What is a Credit Card, Charge Card or Debit Card?
A Credit Card
, as its name suggests, gives you credit, for a charge,
of course, and allows you to pay for service or product over a period
The days of credit one gets could range from 20 to 50 days (calculated
from the day of billing and not from date of purchase) come interest
You can choose to pay your dues entirely at one go or stagger them
after paying the minimum amount due every month.
A Charge Card is almost similar to a Credit Card, but with one key difference.
With Charge Card, you have to pay the entire dues within the credit
period and also you cannot carry over any balances like a Credit Card.
A Debit Card is on the whole, an ATM card on the move.
It enables you to access your bank deposits for payment. When you make
any purchases using a Debit Card, your bank account is instantaneously
and automatically depleted to the extent of the purchase amount.
How many types of cards can I choose from in India?
In India there are essentially three types of cards available, Visa,
Master Card and Amex (American Express).
Participating banks like Citibank or ICICI then issue these cards to
Both Visa and Master Card have been popular in India and have an
almost equal market share and as for Amex, it is comparatively a new
player in India and also it issues its cards only through American
What is Gold, Silver or Classic/Executive Card?
Gold, Silver or Classic/Executive are the terms used by issuing banks
to distinguish between the levels of services offered on each.
The Gold Cards fall on the premium segment as they feature better
features like higher insurance covers, more privileges, more
facilities, more discounts.
These types of cards have the element of prestige and esteem
associated with them. And they don't come any cheaper, as they have
the highest fees and service charges.
What is the process for owning a Credit Card?
First get in touch with the card issuing bank. Ask for the application
form. Fill-up the form and submit it along with the necessary
documents required. After a short credit appraisal, the bank will send
you your card by mail.
What are the eligibility norms to get a credit card?
Credit Card companies/ issuing banks do have a minimum income level
requirement which serve as the preliminary point while apply for credit card
. The income requirement varies from bank to bank, ranging between Rs.60,000 to Rs.2lac per annum, depending upon your choice on the type of card you want and also upon your risk profile. If you have a regular and steady income source, it helps, as the banks issuing Credit Cards
need to be sure whether or not you will be able
to repay the expenses incurred through your credit card.
You have to be at least 21 years of age and not more than 65 years.
What is the minimum salary criterion?
A minimum salary criterion differs on the type of card you are applying for.
You need a salary of at least Rs.70 to 75,000 per annum for ordinary
cards and for a Gold card, up to Rs.1lac 80,000 per annum.
How much does it cost to own a credit card?
The basic cost involved in applying for a card comprises the joining
fee, which varies from bank to bank and on the type of card you have
Joining fees (a one time payment) vary from Rs.100 to Rs.1000.
Every year you will be charged an annual fee to continue your
membership on the card.
Annual fees vary from Rs.400 to Rs.2000
The annual fee are payable in advance (at the beginning of the year)
You do not need to pay cash for the annual fees as the issuing banks
automatically bill these to your credit card in the first monthly
billing statement, and hereafter, every year.
Are there advantages in paying through a Credit Card even if I have
cash I can spare?
Depends on how you look at it.
With a Credit Card
, you can delay payment of the bill by up to 50
days. Also, most card issuers give you a discount on the next year's
annual fees if you make purchases over a certain specified amount on
How are the fees levied when I delay my repayments?
It is sensible to pay off at least the minimum amount due on
out-standings every month. This is because the late payment fees are
very high, around 15% of minimum payment due or 2.5% of the total
outstanding balance. Late payment fees are chargeable after the
stipulated 'interest-free period'.
What is an Add-on Card/Supplementary Card?
An Add-on card is usually for dependents of the Credit Card holder, be
it your spouse, parents or children. Any additional cards under this
head come at a fee, which varies between Rs.125 to Rs.1,000.
One thing worth mentioning in a Supplementary Card is that your credit
limit remains the same. A drawback is that your credit limit gets
divided between the main card and add-on cards since an add-on card
does not get additional credit limit.
All expenses on the card are billed to you.
On the statement date, you are given a comprehensive bill which
includes the payment made through both the cards.
What is a Global Card?
Global Card enables you to use your Credit Card when you travel
overseas. Global cards are accepted in over 200 countries. You can
also use it as an ATM card. It also gives you the flexibility of using
your card instead of using cash or traveler's checks.
You can spend in dollars or any other foreign currency and settle the
dues in your local currency.
Your credit limit is based on the Basic Travel Quota (BTQ) entitlement.
If you are a frequent traveler, abroad, then it is best to make your
Credit card, Global.
What is PIN?
PIN or the Personal Identification Number is unique to every card and
is a combination of numbers.
It is basically a 16 digit number with the first 8 digits reserving
information about the card issuer and the country and the next 8
digits stores customer information like the category of the membership
The PIN serves as a key, which allows you to avail certain services
like cash withdrawal from ATMs.
This number is very important and must be stored carefully. Get Information on Online Credit Card Pin
What happens if I lose my PIN?
If you lose the PIN get in touch with the bank ASAP.
The bank will replace your credit card and issue a new PIN.
This replacement process comes at a cost and gets billed in your next statement.
What is late payment fee?
Late payment fees are payable on the occasion of any delay in
repayment of the out-standings on your Credit Card after the
predetermined interest-free period. These charges are very high
(around 15% of minimum payment due or 2.5% of the total outstanding
balance) and card members are well advised to pay off at least the
minimum amount due on out-standings every month.
What are Reward Points?
The concept of Credit Card Rewards
Points was introduced by Credit Card companies
to promote regular usage of their cards by its members. This concept
basically rewards you with points for so-and-so amount spent on
purchase or services through your card. These points can then be
redeemed for gifts or for select product purchases or even for paying
the annual fees in some cases.
What are the various types of insurance cover available on Credit Cards?
Insurance are now a standard feature for Credit Cards
, both personal
and on the articles purchased on the credit card. The insurance cover
provided is basically determined by the type of Credit Card owned,
like depending on if it is Gold, Silver or Executive). Gold cards
naturally carry the highest insurance cover for its members.
Among the other types of insurance provided by the card companies are:
Personal accident insurance:
This covers air/road accidents etc. The amount insured again differs
across the categories and varies from banks to banks.
This provides cover against the loss of one's baggage while traveling.
This feature is available on Gold Cards and International Credit Cards
and frequent travelers may find this feature useful.
Air Accident Insurance:
Every Credit Card holder is insured for a certain amount of money,
which is paid upon the death of the individual while traveling by air.
The insurance cover varies between bank to bank and upon the type of
What is the Life Insurance feature provided by Credit Cards?
Every Credit Card holder is insured for a certain sum of money, which
is paid upon the death of the individual. The insurance cover varies
from bank to bank and depends upon the type of card owned.
The card holder is insured a certain amount against different life
insurance covers depending on the category of the card owned.
What kind of insurance is given for a spouse/supplementary card holder?
Credit Card companies also provide insurance covers for a spouse or
the holder of a Supplementary/Add-on card. The amount and the type of
insurance cover provided are basically determined by the type of
Credit Card owned (Gold, Silver, and Executive)
Gold Cards carry the highest insurance cover for its members.
The insurance cover varies between Rs.50,000 to Rs.500,000 depending
on the issuing bank and the type of card owned.
What does the purchase protection feature of Credit Cards mean?
Purchase protection feature of Credit Card means all items bought from
the card are automatically insured from damages or loss due to
theft/fire, up to a certain amount.
This generally works out to around Rs.40,000 worth of cover.
Is it wise to use the cash advance facility?
Cash advance (withdrawal) fees are payable when you withdraw cash from
an automatic teller machine using your Credit Card.
Cash advance facility should be used only when it is extremely necessary.
The interest rate is very high, usually around 36% to 38%.
Cash advance fees are chargeable on a daily basis and at about 2.5%
per transaction of fixed at a minimum of Rs.50 or 100; it is wise not
to use this facility if you can manage otherwise.
How should I protect my credit card from abuse?
Never treat your card carelessly and always keep it safely in your wallet/purse.
Never leave your cards unsigned or disclose your card number.
Check your name on the card, note down the card number and sign below
the magnetic strip.
Always keep the copy of signed charge slips when you spend on your card.
This will help you tally what you spent with what you get billed for.
What should I do if my credit card is lost or stolen?
Incase you lose or your card is stolen, inform the bank immediately.
The bank will then immediately freeze/deactivate your card to prevent
After you report the loss, your liability is restricted to Rs.1,000.
You may also have to pay for the reporting of the loss in the lost card list.
Besides this, you will be expected to pay for the issue of a replacement card.
How much risk in the event of losing the credit card, am I looking at?
EYou are protected from settling any expenses on your card the moment
you inform the bank, plus your liability will be restricted to
But you will have to pay for all the purchases deceptively made on your card.