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To make your home loan journey a smooth sail, in this article we will help you to know eligibility criteria, rates of interest, process, necessary documents, EMI comparison and transfer for lowest rates.

Home loan is really critical and important financial decision in our lives. Before you finalise your bank to secure home loan, try to get more information on current interest rates from different banks. First, gather some more information about how much each bank can give you. Find out eligibility for government and private banks. Which interest rate is more flexible and affordable such as fixed rates or floating rates? What is more easy a prepay option or balance transfer? We try to give answers to all such questions, and make this home loan process simple for you. To find the lender for 20 years term go through the fine print and save for years to come. A perfect Home loan is loan which gives you lowest rates throughout the tenure, has part payment options and allows you to balance transfer if you wish to.

Home Loan applications received for rupees 169,555 crores till 14 February 2016

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Should I take Home loan now or wait ?

Home loan is a long term investment plan. Generally, people opt for a home loan for 20 to 30 years.Mostly customers avail loan on floating interest rates. Rates keep changing and long-term loan such as for 20 years or more than that is impossible to decide. Home loan rates will change in 20 years, so making a decision to take a home loan just base of the reason of interest rates is not a smart idea. So thinking to start a loan at a lower rate has no relevance.
The right time to take a Home loan is when:
  • The Property you intend to buy is good and cannot be missed or it is expected that the price of property will rise.
  • The EMI that you have to pay per month is above your monthly expense budgets etc.

Major Home Loan providers in India

(Last updated on 14 February 2016)
Banks Loan to Property Value Interest Rates Apply
State Bank of India (SBI) 75% -90% 9.50% - 9.55%
HDFC Ltd 75% -80% 9.50% - 9.55%
LIC Housing Finance 75% -80% 9.60%
Axis Bank Home Loan 75% - 85% 9.50% - 9.65%
(*Republic Day offer- Valid till 28th Feb'15)
ICICI Bank Home Loan Upto 85% 9.50% - 9.80%
Fedbank Home Loan Upto 85% 10.35% - 10.70%
PNB Home Loan 75% - 80% 9.60%
PNB Housing Finance 75% - 80% 9.75% - 9.95%
IDBI Home Loan 75% - 90% 9.75%
DHFL Home Loan 80% - 85% 9.55%(upto 25lacs),then 9.65%
Bajaj Finserv Home Loan 75% - 80% 9.50%
Bajaj Finserv Home Loan 75% - 80% 9.90% - 10%
Allahabad Bank Home Loan 75% - 90% 9.95% - 10.20%
Bank of India Home Loan 75% - 85% 9.95% - 10.20%
Union Bank Home Loan 65% - 80% 9.65% - 10.40%
United Bank Home Loan 75% - 80% 9.75%
Uco Bank Home Loan 75% - 80% 9.95%
Bank of Baroda Home Loan 75% - 90% 9.65%
Kotak Home Loan up to 80% 10.25%
Vijaya Home Loan Upto 80% 9.65%
Standard Chartered Home Loan Upto 80% 9.75%(base rate)
Indian Bank Home Loan 80% - 90% 9.95%
Home Loan – Let's simplify how this will go about and what are the steps.
The first step involved in the process is to find your property, which is followed by the verification of property documents, post that the documents are examined. Simultaneously, you can start searching for the lender who can offer the best home loan deal after checking your eligibility criteria.

Know the Home Loan Eligibility: Banks offer the loan amount based on your monthly income and the value of the property. They will give you max amount in which your EMI of home loan and others loans is 50-60% of your income. Other factor is value of that property.

Select the Best Home Loan after evaluation: Comparing home loan interest rates of various banks is the primary feature in the home loan selection process. However, you should not also forget to compare other fees & charges like application fees, processing fees, legal charges of different loan offers. To check the interest rates & other charges incurred by various banks, Deal4Loans has brought in a Home Loan Comparison Chart across various government and private banks. Banks offer fixed and floating rates in home loans.

Most customers choose Floating rates

Applying for the Loan : After you have selected your lender, you have to fill in the application form, wherein the lender requires complete information about your financial assets & liabilities; other personal & professional details together with the property details & its costs.

Documentation & Verification Process:
You are required to submit the necessary documents to the bank, which will be verified together with the details in the application

Credit & default check: Bank checks out the borrower’s loan eligibility (through repayment capacity) & the amount of loan is confirmed. The borrower’s repayment capacity is reached, which is based on the income, salary, age, experience & nature of business etc. Bank also checks credit history through the Cibil Score, which plays a critical role in deciding & approving your loan application. Low credit score implies that the bank upfront rejects your application on the basis of earlier credit defaults; on the other hand high credit score gives a green signal to your application

Bank sanctions Loan & Offer letter to the borrower:
After the credit appraisal of the borrower bank decides the final amount & sanctions the loan, the bank further sends an offer letter to the borrower, which constitutes the details like rate of interest, loan tenure & repayment options etc.

Acceptance Copy to the Bank: The borrower needs to send an acceptance copy to the bank after the borrower agrees with the terms & conditions in the offer letter.

Bank checks the legal documents: The bank further asks the legal documents of property from the borrower to check its authenticity, so as to keep them as a security for the loan amount given. The next step involved is the valuation of the property by the bank which determines the loan amount sanctioned by the bank.

Signing of agreement & the loan disbursal:

The borrower signs the loan agreement & the bank disburses the loan amount.

Documents required in Home Loan

Generally, the documents required to process your loan application are almost similar across all the banks; however they may differ with various banks depending upon specific requirement etc. Following documents are required by financial institutions to process the loan application:

  • Income
  • Age Proof
  • Address Proof
  • Income Proof of the applicant & co-applicant
  • Last 6 months bank A/C statement
  • Passport size photograph of the applicant & co-applicant
In case of Salaried In case of Self-employed
Employment certificate from the employer, Copy of audited financial statements for the last 2 years
Copies of pay slips for last few months and TDS certificate Copy of partnership deed if it is a partnership firm or copy of memorandum of association and articles of association if it is a company
Latest Form 16 issued by employer Bank statements Profit and loss account for the last few years
Income tax assessment order

How is my Home loan Eligibility Calculated

The borrower's eligibility of getting a housing loan depend upon his/her repayment capacity & the banks establish this repayment capacity by considering various factors such income, spouse’s income, age, number of dependants qualifications , assets, liabilities, stability and continuity of occupation and savings history. Eligibility Factors in Housing loan Your Home Loan eligibility is determined by your repayment capacity and the value of the Property
  • Income
  • Qualifications
  • Age
  • Spouse’s income
  • No. of dependants
  • Stability and continuity of occupation
  • Assets/LiabilitiesM.
  • Savings history.

The most important concern of banks in determining your loan eligibility is that whether or not you are contentedly able to pay off the amount you borrow.

The Second factor is the value of the Property

Banks are okay to fund 75-85% of property value but with the condition that you have income capacity that you can pay its Emi each month.

90% of loan amount for upto 30 lakh Home loan

RBI on 08.10.2015 increased the amount banks can advance for a property purchase. It surely helps the lowest running real estate market. RBI allowed loan to value ration of upto 90% for home loans of Rs.30 lakhs or less, earlier, 90% LTV was allowed only for loans up to Rs.20 lakhs.
An Increase in LTV ratio helps borrowers to lend only 10% of the property value and the rest can be financed through banks. For loans above Rs.30 lakh and up to Rs.75 lakh, the LTV stands at up to 80%. Loans above Rs.75 lakh will have an LTV of 75%. The risk weight for loans between Rs.30 lakh and Rs.75 lakh, which have an LTV of up to 75%, has also been reduced marginally.

Date – 09 October 2015

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